Phytochemical Study of Endemic Species Helleborus Caucasicus and Helleborus Abchasicus
The floristic region of Adjara represents the "Hotpoint" of Caucasians, which is distinguished by the uniqueness of its relict Colchis flora. It represents one of the most powerful refuges in western Eurasia, which is not touched by the chill because of its special geographical location. 176 endemic plants are spread in southern Colchis, of which 45 can be used for some medical treatments. The bioecology and detailed phytochemical content of some medicinal plant populations have not been studied so far. The research objective is to study the phytochemical content of endemic species of Helleborus Caucasicus and Helleborus Abchasicus that have spread in southern Colchis. The research method for the phytochemical content included the separation analysis, which was performed using UPLC-MS (Waters Acquity QDa detector). Three Steroidal glycosides were isolated from the MeOH extract of the plants of Helleborus Caucasicus and Helleborus Abchasicus: Hellebrigenin-D-glucose, 20 – Hydroxyecdysone and Hydroxyecdysone – 3 glucoside. Three Steroidal glycosides and Hydroxyecdysone -3 glucoside have been isolated from the MeOH extract of Helleborus Caucasicus.
Full Text: PDF
IUCN Standards and Petitions Committee. (2006). Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 6.2. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Committee, European Parliament, United Kingdom. Available online: https://nc.iucnredlist.org/redlist/content/attachment_files/RedListGuidelines.pdf (accessed on December 2019).
Manvelidze, Z. K., Memiadze, N. V., Charazishvili, D. S., & Varshanidze, N. I. (2008). Diversity of a Floral Area of Adjara (List of Wild Grown Plant Species). Annals of Agrarian Science, 6(2), 91-93.
Varshanidze, N., Turmanidze, N., Dolidze, K., Zarnadze, N., Diasamidze, I., Epitashvili, T., & Katcharava, T. (2018). Biodiversity of Medicinal Plants Containing Essential Oil and Their Spreading in Adjara. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(3), 99–104. doi:10.13189/ujar.2018.060301.
Memiadze, N. (2004). Botanical and geographical survey of the endemics of Ajara-Lazeti flora. Bulletin of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences. 169 (2), 341-343.
Dmitrieva, A. (1990). Key to flora of Adjara. Vol. II. Tbilisi: Metsniereba (in Russian).
Jakeli, E., Varshanidze, N., Diasamidze I., Dolidze K., Zarnadze N. (2018). Biodiversity of medical plants of wild flora in Ajara-South Colchis and their usage in folk medicine. 3-rd International Science Symposium “New Horizons in Science”, Proceeding Book. At Pristina, Kosovo. 80-96.
Novotny, L., Ghuloom, H. A. A. A., & Al-Hasawi, N. A. (2019). Structural Features and Biological Activities of Bufadienolides. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences, 10(1), 1147-1157.
Tomczyk, M., Gudej, J., & Sochacki, M. (2002). Flavonoids from Ficaria verna Huds. Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung C, Journal of Biosciences, 57(5-6), 440–444. doi:10.1515/znc-2002-5-606.
Guijas, C., Montenegro-Burke, J. R., Domingo-Almenara, X., Palermo, A., Warth, B., Hermann, G., … Siuzdak, G. (2018). METLIN: A Technology Platform for Identifying Knowns and Unknowns. Analytical Chemistry, 90(5), 3156–3164. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.7b04424.
Muchate, N. S., Rajurkar, N. S., Suprasanna, P., & Nikam, T. D. (2019). NaCl induced salt adaptive changes and enhanced accumulation of 20-hydroxyecdysone in the in vitro shoot cultures of Spinacia oleracea (L.). Scientific Reports, 9(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48737-6
Mamadalieva, N. Z., Böhmdorfer, S., Zengin, G., Bacher, M., Potthast, A., Akramov, D. K., … Rosenau, T. (2019). Phytochemical and biological activities of Silene viridiflora extractives. Development and validation of a HPTLC method for quantification of 20-hydroxyecdysone. Industrial Crops and Products, 129, 542–548. doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.12.041.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Medea Beridze